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A Timeline on Irish History and the Surname McAleer.
If your surname is McAleer your families probable ancestral home in Ireland is probably Tyrone County, (Tír Eoghain, Eoghan's land), Ireland. As outlined by (http://scripts.ireland.com/ancestor/browse/counties/ulster/index_ty.htm)
"The county gets its name from the ancient division of the north-west of the country between the two sons of Niall of the Nine Hostages, Conall and Eoghan. Most of what is now Donegal became Tír Conaill, Conall's land, while the remainder went to Eoghan. The present Co. Tyrone represents only the core of these lands. The region is inextricably linked with the O'Neills, who claimed descent from Eoghan, and ruled here for more than a thousand years.
It was the defeat in 1603 of a rebellion led by Hugh O'Neill, the second earl of Tyrone, that marked the final collapse of the old Gaelic order. His lands were confiscated and the Plantation of Ulster began 10 years later. Many of the Scottish Presbyterians who settled here were forced to migrate again in the eighteenth century, this time to the American colonies, where they played a great part in the War of Independence and in the political life of the U.S., Ulysses S. Grant and Woodrow Wilson, for example, claimed Tyrone Scots-Irish blood.
Under the organizational reforms carried out in Northern Ireland in 1973, the county ceased to exist and was divided into various smaller administrative units. Local identification with the county remains strong, however. Given the history of the county, a wide variety of English, Scottish and Irish surnames are associated with it, including Cochrane, Crawford, Laverty, Ferguson, McAleer, O'Neill, Quinn, Rafferty, Stewart, Sharkey, Watters and Wilson."
There were some McAleer's in Antrim, Armagh, Belfast City, Derry, Donegal, Down, Fermanagh, Meath,and Monaghan.... however the vast majority were in Tyrone County (1890 Birth distributions from ireland.com).
There are different thoeries on the beginnings of our Surname. Probably the simplest way to show our clans history is to repeat the History of Ireland (particularly Northern Ireland) in a Timeline.
Mythic Times: Cesair grand-daughter of Noah arrives before flood apparently die to the lack of gene pool. (from Leabhar Gabhala (book of Invasions)
300 years later:Partholanians land, said to be from land of the Dead. Leader Partholon fled from Greece wanted for killing own father & mother. Drove a pirate group named Fomorians out of Ireland. However, a pestilence killed them all except one survivor.
The Nemedians arrived 30 years after the extinction of the Partholanians. They probably come from the west in the Land of the Dead, or from Spain.
The Fomorians return and they rule the Nemedians oppressively.
The Nemedians revolt , kill a Fomorian King and flee Ireland with 30 survivors and flee to Greece to become enslaved. They later become the Firbolgs and Tuatha Dé Danann who both later return and fight over Ireland. The Tuatha De' Danann eventually win.
1000 BC: landing in Ireland from Spain on Bealtaine, (May 1st),the Milesians defeated the Tuatha Dé Danaan , and became the dominant force in Ireland.
The year 432 AD is generally accepted as the year of St. Patrick’s arrival in Ireland. A glorious era of learning and Christianity ensues and Ireland earns the title of “Island of Saints and Scholars”.
795 AD: Vikings invade.
900:Cormacs Glossary:'' Manaman MacLir, a celebrated merchant who was in the Isle of Mann. He was said to be the best Pilot that was in the west of Europe. He used to know by studying the Heavens, the period which would be good weather, and when bad weather threatened, and when each of these two conditions would change.(Ref3)
915-920AD: The Vikings occupied and fortified the ports of Waterford and Limerick and established a firm footing there.
964AD: a Clare prince named Mahon, of the Dal gCais tribe, asserted his authority over the province of Munster and waged continual warfare on the Vikings of Limerick whom he totally defeated in 968.
1002AD: Brian Boru becomes High King, Vikings are driven to the Sea and thier leader killed.
1215: Eachdunn Mac Gille Uidhir becomes highest church dignitary in Ireland and attends the Council of Lateran in Rome as a member. 400 years before MacClures moved to Ireland.(ref3)
1465:"a law was passed by England (5 Ed. TV., Cap. 3), enacting that " Every Irishman that dwells betwixt or amongst Englishmen in the County of Dublin, Myeth, Uriell and Kildaire. . . . . . . . .shall take to him an English surname of one town, as Sussex, Chester, Tyrm, Skeyne, Cooke, Kinsale ; or colour as white, black, browne; or arts or science, as smith or carpenter; or office, as cooke, butler. " (Ref3)
1608: The MacLures of Clan McLeod went to Ireland from Scotland, to a small village called Ballynashanagh in the county of Donegal. Note: some histories put McAleer as a sept of McClure and commercial Coats of Arms product makers give them the same Coat of Arms. They say: McClure is a Scottish patronymic name, Anglicized from the Gaelic Mac Gille Uidhir , which means 'son of the servant of St. Odhar.' Variations are McCloor, McLure, McLeur, McAlear, McAleer . (Ref:http://shop.store.yahoo.com/4crests/surmeanio.html) Even deeper into the meaning: (Ref:http://scripts.ireland.com/ancestor/surname/index.cfm?fuseaction=Go.&UserID=) Mac Giolla Uidhir Mac Aleer, Mac Clure: líonmhar: Tír Eoghain agus Cúige Uladh i gcoitinne; tá Mac Clure i bhfeidhm in Albain - i nGallghallaibh go sonrach. Bhain an chlann dúchasach le Oirghialla. D'fhéadfadh Odhar, gin. uidhir, a bheith ina ainm pearsanta nó ina aidiacht leis an mbrí: liath-dhonn (dath an asail) nó cuma buí-dhonn ar an gcraiceann - "sallow" in mBéarla. MacAleer numerous: Tyrone etc. Mac Giolla Uidhir, Odhar means dun-coloured, a stockman's term but also an old first name. See also Mac Clure. SI.:
There appear to be three problems with the thoery.
1. Donegal is one of the Northern Irish counties least populated by McAleers. Why would a sept of McAleer be almost vacant from the area of it's related clan??
This thoery would mean the original start of McClure & McAleer would be Viking Olaf the Black in 14th century Scotland.
The reason for the move??James II lost his bid against England and fled to France, the MacLures -- prominent Presbyterians -- went to Northern Ireland,
"The King of England tried to restore peace in Scotland by breaking up some clans and moving some clans to Ireland. Other Scotsmen migrated to Ireland over the next century due to drought. (Ref:http://www.dave.mcclure.net/mcclure.html The Genealogy of the McClures)
2.As noted earlier "1215: Eachdunn Mac Gille Uidhir becomes highest church dignitary in Ireland" Thats two centuries before Olaf and four centuries before the McClure move to Ireland.
3. McAleers in Northern Ireland appear to be mainly Catholic and pro Sinn Fein. A protestant would tend to be a Unionist. While it may sell coats of arms I doubt the connection. Unless a MacLir went to Scotland in the 1200's and changed religion and name and his family returns to Ireland in the 1600's. We will never know.
1862: THE 2nd MARYLAND BATTALION HISTORY Organized in September of 1862 Company D - Captian - Joseph L. McAleer civil war officer.
1891:McALEER, William, a Representative from Pennsylvania; born in County Tyrone, Ireland, January 6, 1838; immigrated to the United States with his parents, who settled in Philadelphia, Pa., in 1851. elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-fifth and Fifty-sixth Congresses (March 4, 1897-March 3, 1901); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1900 to the Fifty-seventh Congress; resumed business activities in Philadelphia, Pa.; died in Germantown, Philadelphia, Pa., April 19, 1912; interment in Holy Sepulchre Cemetery.
1898: 1st California Regiment of U.S. Volunteers - 1898 McAleer, James, Prvt. Spanish American War
1901:Jimmy McAleer 1864-1931 OF 1889-98, 1901-02, 07 Cleveland , Cleveland Manager in 1901-11 Browns , Senators (Ref:http://www.baseballlibrary.com/baseballlibrary/ballplayers/M/McAleer_Jimmy.stm)
1904: The Weekly Freeman reports to George McAleer the following: "There seems hardly any doubt that Mac Lear and MacLir tip (MacAleer and MacLir) are the same name, for the accented i in Lir would be pronounced like " ee. " Mananan MacLir figures prominently in Ancient Irish romance. He is reported to have been a great navigator and something of a pirate, who owned the Isle of Man, or lived in it, in the first century of the Christian era. It is said that the Isle of Man is called after him. MacLir means " son of the sea,"-lir being the genitive of lear, the sea." (Ref 3)
1905: Michael Cavanagh reports to George McAleer.."The descendants of Eogan were the most celebrated of all the Milesian clans ; of them a great many mere Kings of Ulster and sixteen were monarchs of Ireland. ' ' Among the numerous septs and sub-septs who derive their descent from Eogan, I find about forty mentioned by name, and although " McAleer ' ' is not among them, owing possibly to not being as conspicuous as the more powerful septs, that fact does not militate against their claiming kinship with 0 'Neill. I find, moreover, mention made of the territory of Ui Laoghaire of Lough Lir in Tyrone. But Lough Lir most probably derived its name from some prehistoric individual such as the Lir mentioned by Moore-or the reputed father of Mannanan Mac Lir-one of the Sea-gods of Pagan Ireland. Whatever may have been the extent of the MacAleers tribal territory in ancient times, it is evident that the clan clung tenaciously to the old spot where there is still more of them located among the " Green Hills of Tyrone " than in aIl the rest of Ireland together. I wish it was in my power to throw more light on the origin of your family name, but that its parent stock was the Clan Niall I have no doubt whatever."(Ref 3)
1905:From the Los Angeles Times, March 10, 1944 Owen McAleer, Mayor Here 1905-09, Mr. McAleer also was credited with establishing the first municipal playground — on Violet Street. As Mayor, he was a champion of public ownership, and many skirmishes with privately owned utilities and traction [streetcar] companies marked his tenure of office.
1909:George McAleer M.D. writes:"A Study in The Origin and Signification of the Surname McAleer" (To be refered to as Ref3 in this report)
1909:H.K. McAleer Six mile cross 1909-10 and 1913-14 Chairman Tyrone County Board.
1912:James R. McAleer 1912-13 Owned Boston Red Sox
1922:"Worst archival disaster ever to befall students of Irish history – the burning of the Public Record Office in Dublin.""Because of the 1922 fire a huge amount of irreplaceable historical evidence was lost. Knowledge of all periods of Irish history was dealt a devastating blow, as entire categories of official government records dating back to the Middle Ages disappeared overnight in the ‘singeing flames’ of conflict – testamentary records, deeds, patents, evidence of customs administration and taxation, church court records, sheriffs’ returns, parliamentary papers, records of local assize courts, gaol delivery rolls, and of course, the records of the four central government courts of Exchequer, King’s Bench, Common Pleas and Chancery.(Ref:http://www.eneclann.ie/Intro.htm)
1939: A McAleer noted in Burkes Peerage::DUNRAVEN and MOUNT-EARL THE 7TH EARL OF DUNRAVEN and MOUNT-EARL, Viscount Mount-Earl, Viscount Adare, Baron Adare of Adare, and a Baronet (Sir Thady Windham Thomas Wyndham-Quin, Bt) [The Rt Hon The Earl of Dunraven and Mount-Earl, Kilgobbin House, Adare, Co Limerick, Ireland]; b 27 Oct 1939, s f 1965 ; educ Ludgrove and Le Rosey; m 15 Feb 1969 •Geraldine, dau of A/Cdre Gerald Ward McAleer, CBE, of Poynings, Wokingham, Berks, and has: Lineage: This is one of very few families of Celtic origin in the Irish peerage. Initially Chiefs of the Clan of Hy-Ifearnan, Co Clare, the O’Quins of Munster (the southwest province of Ireland) allegedly stem fro... Record Type(s): 1999 Peerage
1981: Joseph McAleer buys Krispy Kreme Donuts.